Xian (also known as Sian) is a large city and capital of Shaanxi Province in central China.
It is one of the oldest cities in China, the oldest prefecture capital and one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals (Beijing, Nanjing, Luoyang and Xian).
Once known as Chang’an (Eternal Peace), it marks the Silk Road’s eastern end and was home to the Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang dynasties' ruling houses.
At archaeological sites in Xian’s surrounding plains are the famed Bingmayong (Terra Cotta Army), thousands of life-size, hand-molded figures buried with China’s first emperor, Qin Shi Huang.
Here, for the first time, I saw the stunning ancient Chinese urban planning and classical architecture. The Bell Tower, Drum Tower and Fortifications that were built during the Hongwu years of the Ming Dynasty.
The fortifications of Xian, also known as Xian City Wall, in Xian, an ancient capital of China, represent one of the oldest, largest and best preserved Chinese city walls. It was built under the rule of the Hongwu Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang as a military defense system.