Walk to the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt

Walk to the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest Egyptian pyramid and the tomb of Fourth Dynasty pharaoh Khufu, built in the early 26th century BC. The Great Pyramids, Sphinx and other attractions are located on the Giza Plateau. This ancient 4,500 year old plateau is located near the city of Giza in Egypt.

It is the most famous monument of the Giza pyramid complex, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Initially standing at 146.6 metres (481 feet), the Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for more than 3,800 years. Over time, most of the smooth white limestone casing was removed, which lowered the pyramid’s height to the present 138.5 metres (454.4 ft). What is seen today is the underlying core structure.

The base was measured to be about 230.3 metres (755.6 ft) square, giving a volume of roughly 2.6 million cubic metres (92 million cubic feet), which includes an internal hillock.

The Great Pyramid was built by quarrying an estimated 2.3 million large blocks weighing 6 million tonnes in total. The majority of stones are not uniform in size or shape and are only roughly dressed.

The outside layers were bound together by mortar. Primarily local limestone from the Giza Plateau was used. Other blocks were imported by boat on the Nile: White limestone from Tura for the casing, and granite blocks from Aswan, weighing up to 80 tonnes, for the King’s Chamber structure.

Video Source: Walking to the Pyramids of Geza. Cairo. Egypt. from Streets & Ambience on Youtube CC BY

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