Yandang Mountains, Zhejiang, China – Aerial View

Yandang Mountains, Zhejiang, China – Aerial View

Yandang Mountains or Yandangshan (雁荡山, lit. “Wild Goose Pond Mountain(s)”) refers, in the broad sense, to a coastal mountain range in southeastern Zhejiang province in eastern China.

The mountain range is divided in two by the Oujiang River, the two parts being the North Yandang and South Yandang.

More narrowly, Yandangshan is also used to refer to Mount Yandang, a specific part of the North Yandang around an ancient caldera near a small town of the same name (雁荡镇, Yàndàng Zhèn). The highest peaks of North Yandang are located here, and this is also the main tourist spot.

The main peak of North Yandang, Baigangjian (百岗尖, lit. “Hundred-Peak Point”), rises 1,150 m (3,770 ft) above sea level. There is a radar station on the peak, which is closed to the public.

In 2004, Yandangshan became National Geological Park and in the beginning of 2005, a member of Global Geoparks Network, with total area of 450 km2 (170 sq mi). The Yandangshan National Forest Park has an area of 841 hectares (2,080 acres), covering Mt. Yandang.

Mt. Yandang is known for its natural environment, arising from its vertical rock faces and pinnacles, mountain slopes with forests and bamboo groves, streams, waterfalls and caves.

The area also hosts several temples and shrines, many of them with a long history. Characteristic of the temples is that many of them are built inside caves or in mouths of caves.

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