Java Kingfisher and White-collared Kingfisher
The Javan kingfisher, sometimes called the blue-bellied kingfisher or Java kingfisher, is a medium-sized kingfisher endemic to the Indonesian islands of Java and Bali.
Body length 27 cm. Iris dark brown. Mouth thick and long, red. Feet dark red.
Male and female are similar. Head brownish black, chin, throat, chest brown, chin light brown, with some black stripes on both sides of throat.
The back, shoulders, wings, and tail are blue-purple, the back of the covered wings is black, and there are white spots on the ends of the wings.
The collared kingfisher is a medium-sized kingfisher belonging to the subfamily Halcyoninae, the tree kingfishers. It is also known as the white-collared kingfisher or mangrove kingfisher.
Body length 23~25 cm. Iris dark brown. The muzzle is long and wide, the upper muzzle is black, the lower muzzle is light pink, and the tip is black. Feet dark grey.
Androgynous. The top of the head, the wings, the back, and the tail are blue-green, with black eyeliner, black before the eyes, and white spots on the upper part of the mouth.
The neck is surrounded by white, and the chest and abdomen are white. The sub-adult birds are darker in color, with dark small scale markings on the neck and chest.
It starts from the coast of Africa in the west, passes through South Asia and Southeast Asia, and reaches Polynesia in the Pacific Ocean in the east. Occasionally appear in Taiwan.