Walk in Osnabrück, Germany
Osnabrück is a city in the German state of Lower Saxony. It is situated on the river Hase in a valley penned between the Wiehen Hills and the northern tip of the Teutoburg Forest. It is one of the four largest cities in Lower Saxony. The city is the centrepoint of the Osnabrück Land region as well as the District of Osnabrück.
The founding of Osnabrück was linked to its positioning on important European trading routes. Charlemagne founded the Diocese of Osnabrück in 780. The city was also a member of the Hanseatic League.
At the end of the Thirty Years’ War (1618–1648), the Peace of Westphalia was negotiated in Osnabrück and the nearby city of Münster.
In recognition of its role as the site of negotiations, Osnabrück later adopted the title Friedensstadt (“city of peace”). The city is also known as the birthplace of anti-war novelist Erich-Maria Remarque and painter Felix Nussbaum.
We start our tour of Osnabrück in the Schloßgarten of the Osnabrücker Schloss, which is a palace now used by the local university.
The Schloßgarten is the largest park in Osnabrück’s city center district. It was laid out in the 17th century shortly after the construction of Osnabrück Castle.
We walk into the city center with the market square. We see some older streets with gabled houses and also St. Peter’s Cathedral (Dom St. Petrus), a late Romanesque building where we have a look inside. The first version of St. Peter’s Cathedral was built in the year 785, while the current form was built gradually after around the year 1100.
Further along in our walk we leave the city walls of Osnabrück, see some more modern districts outside and get back to the center.
More recently Osnabrück has become well-known for its industry. Numerous companies in the automobile, paper, steel and grocery sectors are located in the city and its surrounding area.